Friday, 21 September 2012

Psychology of Human Behaviour

According to Sigmund Freud, (1856-1939), human beings are just mechanical creatures, whom he views as prisoners of primitive instincts and powers, which we can barely control. He states that our purpose is to control these instincts and powers.

His Life

Living from 1856 to 1939, numerous scientific discoveries took place during his life. When Freud was still young, Darwins 'The Origins of Species" was published, and Fechner came up with the underlying basics of psychology.

Developments such as these had a tremendous effect on Freud's thoughts, yet the German, Helmholtz, was probably the person who had the greatest influence on Freud's way of thinking by drawing up the law of preservation of energy. This discovery is most likely the reason Freud started looking at people as a closed system of psychic energy that is floating between the conscious and the unconscious part of the human spirit.

The iceberg

"The soul is like an iceberg; it contains a conscious part and an unconscious part."

Freud explained these concepts by comparing the human spirit to an iceberg. The visible part of the iceberg (spirit) is the conscious part, which consists of everything we know and remember and the thinking processes through which we function.

The unconscious part is made up of everything we have ever learned or experienced, including that which has been "forgotten". A part of these forgotten things are really gone, but the largest part of the unconscious has just been shut out, because it would be annoying to be consciously reminded of it.

The influences of Helmholtz are also visible at other points. According to Freud, the material in the unconscious contains psychic energy. This psychic energy is constantly trying to get into the conscious part, while the conscious part keeps using energy to suppress undesirable discoveries. An expression of unknown powers is, for example, slips of the tongue. These expressions show that our unconscious was not strong enough to keep these powers outside the conscious part.

Id, Ego and Superego

Now we are going back to the theory of the id, the ego and the superego. The spirit of a newborn child just has an id, the instinctive incentives and reflexes that the human beings have developed during the last centuries. The only function of the id is to respond to the incentives. The ego develops itself from the id and from the discovery that the behavior of the id can have tedious results. The superego, a result of a person's socialization, is basically just the conscience, which mediates between needs of the id and the ego. When you are getting older, you start to develop more and more values.


Donna Burdett said...

Life is a big mystery and human mind as well. Hypnosis can affect human life and it very helpful. Visit this site.

Greg said...

Thanks for the interesting link and your comment Donna :)

human psychology said...

i love your post, its very interesting and very informative..all of us have a different characteristics that's why we need to see a psychiatrist so they can help us to lessen our attitudes on what is really going on us..

John said...

This is a great post, I really enjoyed reading this content, I am looking forward to reading more.

Greg said...

Thanks for taking the time to leave a comment John, and I'm happy you enjoy reading the content

Greg said...

human psychology: Thanks for your comment. Although personally I dont think a psychiatrist is necessary (although they do help many people with their problems). I think self understanding can be reached in other ways also such as meditation, self hypnosis as well as insights from other people we connect with. :)